POEMS AND LETTERS OF WILLIAM ARTHUR GOSS
The earliest extant writing by the girl then named Katherine sometimes spelled Catherine Fowler is clearly connected with the area near Picton Castle.
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The man whom the poet married in August , however, was not a Royalist but a Parliamentarian. James Philips was a relative of Sir Richard, their two families being descended from Sir Thomas Phillipps of Cylsant who lived early in the sixteenth century. Sir Richard was the direct descendant of Sir Thomas's heir; James was a descendant of a younger son, Owen. Born in , James was fifty-four years old when he married the sixteen-year-old Katherine Fowler. The owner of property in both Cardiganshire and Pembrokeshire, James Philips of Cardigan Priory and nearby Tregibby was, by the s, a person of some political significance—a member of Parliament and, in Philip Webster Souers's words, "a man of energetic character, who, throughout the period of the Commonwealth, enjoyed a degree of influence which was the portion of few men in all Wales.
In a seventeenth-century manuscript now in the National Library of Wales, he is described as one whose "genius is more to undertake public affaires, regarding sometim more the Employment then the Authority from whom he received the Same" and "One that had the fortune to be in with all Goverments, but thrived by none" MS. Llanstephan , f. It may be that Philips's assigning her husband the name "Antenor" in her poems is motivated partly by his age Antenor was an elderly counselor in the Iliad.
It may also be relevant, as Patrick Thomas suggests, that Antenor attempted to make peace between the Greeks and the Trojans. The name may thus designate James Philips as a man with a moderate temperament. It might even be a playful reminder to a beloved husband that he might be less partisan.
Neither Philips's poems nor her letters provide proof positive that Katherine and James Philips's marriage was a happy one. Nevertheless, as Orinda teases and cajoles Antenor, they image a relationship of easygoing respect. From the poetry can be drawn at least the outlines of one indicative episode in their political and personal lives.
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Sometime during the Protectorate , one J. Jones threatened to publish Philips's poem "Upon the double murther of K. Charles, in answer to a libellous rime made by V. Jones threatens to publish to his prejudice. Nevertheless, Orinda's tetrameter lines are cheerful—as cheerful as Orinda is hoping Antenor will become.
In "To my dearest Antenor on his parting," Orinda writes a poem whose paraphrasable content is not unlike poems of parting by her male contemporaries— John Donne , for example. As James Philips's wife, Katherine Philips lived from until her death in at his family home, Cardigan Priory. Cardigan is in the southwestern corner of Cardiganshire and thus only a short distance from Pembrokeshire, where many of her friends and relatives lived.
The Gay Love Letters of Edmund Gosse to William Hamo Thornycroft
Knowing that she also maintained many of her London friends throughout her adult life, one might speculate that Philips often, or at least sometimes, accompanied her husband when he went to London for meetings of Parliament. Certainly she was in London in the spring of , for her only son, Hector, who died in infancy, was buried there in Saint Syth's Church. And from the title of the poem Philips wrote to mourn the death of her twelve-year-old stepdaughter, Frances Philips, we know that the girl died in in Acton—a London suburb where Katherine Philips's mother by then married to a fourth husband, Maj.
Philip Skippon resided. Katherine and James Philips's only daughter also a Katherine , born in Cardigan in April , would live to marry Lewis Wogan of Boulston, Pembrokeshire, and to bear fifteen children—fourteen of whom lie buried with their parents in Boulston Church. In the two poems Philips wrote on the death of her young son, she uses Judeo-Christian numerology to express the intense pain of a bereaved mother who, after seven years of marriage, bore a son who was "in less than six weeks, dead" "Epitaph on Hector Philips".
She also uses the number forty, which is associated with periods of privation and pain—periods such as the Israelites' forty years of wandering followed by relief and joy. The only one known to survive is inscribed on John Lloyd's monument in Cilgerron Church, a few miles southeast of Cardigan.
The others are the epitaph for young Hector Philips, who was buried in a church that a few years later burned in London's Great Fire of , and two commemorating John Collier described in John Fowler's will as his "servant and cozen" and Collier's daughter Regina, who were buried in Beddington, Surrey, in January and September , respectively.
Other poems occasioned by deaths of friends and relatives include verses in memory of Mrs.
Philips also wrote two poems addressed to women who had lost their husbands—"To my dearest friend, on her greatest loss" and "To Mrs. On theDeath of her husband"—and she wrote two elegies on members of the royal family—"On the death of the Duke of Gloucester" and "On the Death of the Queen of Bohemia. In, for example, "To my deare Sister Mrs. Indeed, the wedding in question was performed, the parish register indicates, "by James Phillips They include a variety of literary kinds: wooing poems and poems of parting; the epithalamia and the elegies and epitaphs previously mentioned; philosophical pieces on topics such as "The World," "Submission," and "Death"; verse letters to friends and relatives; pastoral dialogues; and even one pindaric ode, an ode on retirement first published, as was Abraham Cowley 's "On Orinda's Poems.
Ode," in in Poems, by Several Persons. In addition to Cowley, Philips's acquaintances included many British writers. Sixteen fifty-one, the same year that Vaughan praised his fellow Anglo-Welsh poet, marks Philips's earliest print publication. Her poem in praise of William Cartwright appeared as the first of fifty-four prefatory poems in the posthumous edition of his Comedies, Tragi-Comedies, with Other Poems Several poets whose works appear there also appear in the next volume in which Philips's verses were printed: Henry Lawes's Second Book of Ayres, and Dialogues Dedicated to Mary Harvey, Philips's friend since their time together at Mrs.
Salmon's school and by the wife of Sir Edward Dering, the book includes, as a prefatory poem, Philips's Henry Lawes and, with music by Lawes, her "Friendship's Mysterys"—called there "Mutuall Affection between Orinda and Lucatia. If one were to substitute different names in some of the friendship poems, they might read like verses celebrating love between a Renaissance male poet and his lady. The title of the poem "To the excellent Mrs A. Cavendish, chosing the name of Policrite.
Edmund Gosse describes Philips's society as an early salon: "It would appear that among her friends and associates in and near Cardigan she instituted a Society of Friendship, in which male and female members were admitted, and in which poetry, religion, and the human heart were to form the subjects of discussion.
List of poets
Thomas argues, however, that since many of Philips's connections, even those with Anglo-Welsh writers, were centered in London, any society that she might have headed must have been based there. It seems, however, that Philips uses the word society to refer to what twentieth-century writers might call a network of friends, what the Oxford English Dictionary refers to in definition I. The broadside written by one J. The theme of friendship was especially popular among seventeenth-century Royalist poets, who often used pastoral poetry to image court life as a place of polite civility in contrast to what they saw as the noisy barbarisms of their populist contemporaries.
Several other Philips poems suggest musical associations. December "; and "On the death of my first and dearest childe, Hector Philipps" indicate that they were also set to music by Lawes for the score of the elegy on Philips's son, see Joan Applegate's article in volume four of English Manuscript Studies.
Yet another, "Against Pleasure," was set by a Dr. Coleman, almost certainly Charles Coleman, doctor of music, who contributed to the Second Book of Ayres, and Dialogues. Whether other poems were intended as songs is unclear, but several were set to music and published in seventeenth-century songbooks. Two "Upon the engraving.
K:P: on a Tree Goss describes his interactions with individuals from several countries with whom he worked in Alberta, Yukon Territory, Alaska, the Philippine Islands, and Japan. During the serious business of war there were lighter moments. An Australian drinking song is included in one letter. The letters and poems describe features of the various locales such as terrain, weather, and Mr. Goss's particular enthusiasm, botanical riches.
Reaction to events during the second world war appear in the letters and poems, and illustrate the ideas about life and politics that were not atypical for the time. As such they are surely of Historical value. William Goss was a native of Davenport, Iowa. Born in , his life spanned two world wars and the Great Depression.
- Katherine Philips.
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- POEMS AND LETTERS OF WILLIAM ARTHUR GOSS?
His interests were wide, encompassing Literature- -especially Poetry, Science- especially Botany and astronomy, Classical Music, and Chess. The Third Form, by Erica Goss. This column will explore short films based on poems, an art form rapidly gaining ground.
Hello, readers! I live in the San Francisco Bay Area. In this column, I will explore the art form I call video poems, also called poetry videos, movie poems, and poem films. In the coming months, I will feature a selection of video poems, interviews with poets and filmmakers, links, news and reviews. My intent with this column is to open up a conversation about video poems. Every month I will feature a selection, so if you make video poems, please send me your work.
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I will explore other topics such as the origins of video poems, their significance as an art form, screenings at festivals, and in-depth interviews.